Information about Patent Law

Copyrights:

Copyright protection extends to original works of authorship and provides the right to exclude others from reproducing, derivating, distributing, performing, or displaying the author’s original work. Subject matter falling within the domain of copyright protection includes literary (including computer software), musical, audiovisual, sculptural, architectural, and choreographic works…
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Trademarks:

A “trademark” is a word, phrase, symbol, design or combination thereof, which identifies the goods of a manufacturer or merchant and distinguishes those goods from another’s. Similarly, a “service mark” is a mark used to identify and distinguish the services of one person from the services of others and to indicate the source of the services…
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Patents:

Patents protect new and useful processes, machines, articles of manufacture, compositions of matter or improvements thereof. United States patents are valuable business assets because they give owners a constitutionally sanctioned 20-year monopoly to exclusively make, use and sell the patented invention. The purpose of the patent system is to enhance the incentive to develop new technologies that are important to everyone in society. United States patent law recognizes three types of patents: Utility, Design and Plant; the following discussion focuses on utility patents, unless otherwise stated…
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Trade Secrets:

Trade Secrets – A trade secret is “a secret formula or process, not patented, known only to certain individuals who use it in compounding or manufacturing some article of trade having commercial value.” Other common terms for trade secrets are “proprietary” information, or “anything that you don’t want your competitor to know.” No federal registration is required to protect a trade secret. If a court can be persuaded that a secret formula or process, etc. is a trade secret, then it will normally protect the trade secret against unauthorized disclosures…
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